The global situation of forests is certainly an alarming state for all the nations around the world. Forests play a vital role in the protection of the environment thus making it free of chemical gases and emissions from the industries by absorbing the carbon content. Trees contribute to supplying oxygen to the environment which is a source of breathing for all living beings. The industrialization and urbanization have destroyed the forest cover to a great extent due to the emissions and clearance of land respectively. To protect our earth from rapid climatic changes and global warming, it’s necessary to conserve forests. Global warming has caused serious damage to various habitats. The damage to the ozone layer by pollution is the root cause of global warming. The damage to forests in the shape of deforestation has posed a great threat to the ecosystem which demands us to conserve forests. The disturbance of ecosystem results in the extinction of many species of animals as well. The main reasons why we should look forward to conserving forests are discussed here in detail.
Scheduled Cutting of Trees:
A scheduled and planned cutting of trees helps in conserving forests. Trees are a resource for a number of industries producing handicrafts and paper. However, the cutting of trees must be planned properly if we are seriously thinking to conserve forests. Cutting of trees on a larger scale without further plantation may lead to deforestation. It’s of great importance to plant trees in place of the ones being cut down to keep the cycle of forest retains its originality. The revival of forests is only possible if a properly planned and scheduled cutting of trees is managed accordingly. Same age group is selected for the cutting of trees and that particular area is marked to ensure the replantation of trees. During the selective cutting of trees, only mature and old trees are cut down to maintain balance. The world is losing trees to an alarming situation that needs to be addressed in order to conserve forests. The rotational system must be adopted to protect the newly growing trees and keep a significant amount of time between each cycle of cutting to conserve forests.
Protection of Ancient Forests:
Forests grow thick with the passage of time if proper care is taken. These forests consist of thousands of trees that have a significant role to play in making the environment green. We must make an effort to preserve these old forests and take necessary steps for reforestation. Ancient forests have fertile soil which is suitable for agricultural use as well. The concerned forest authorities need to ensure the revival of the area damaged by some reason to conserve forests and make the environment healthier. Other than planned cutting, different diseases also result in the destruction of forests. The protection of trees and plants through a regular chemical spray is also important to conserve forests.
Controlling Fire in Forests:
It’s very common to have a fire in the forests every now and then. A majority of forests are destroyed by the fire that becomes uncontrollable. Fire once initiated becomes very hard to stop due to windy conditions. The most common cause of the fire in forests around the world has been the human negligence and initiated by a human being. It’s necessary to control the fire within a certain amount of time to conserve forests. Other natural processes like lightning and friction between the trees also result in a fire in the forests. To conserve forests, there is a need to control the fire before it destroys the entire area of forest. The role of human negligence in this matter should also not be forgotten and we must take the responsibility to conserve forests for a better environment globally.
Efficient utilization of Forest Products:
Trees are cut for many industrial uses such as the paper industry. The wood pulp is converted into the paper in these industries and then sent for the consumer utilization. It’s important to utilize these products efficiently in order to conserve forests. Both sides of the blank paper must be utilized in printing to save the extra amount of paper which saves a lot of trees in the long run. Similarly, when trees are cut down for utilization in the furniture industry, a lot of wood goes wasted over the cutting. These pieces of wood must be used in small industries such as handicrafts for making hand-made products and generating revenue. To conserve forests, we need to utilize each bit of wood that is cut down during selective or regular scheduled cutting of trees.
Ban over Illegal Activities:
There should be a strict ban imposed on illegal activities that result in cutting of trees without permission. This practice has resulted in a loss of a large number of trees which are not a part of the planned cutting schedule. It becomes next to impossible to revive these trees which go unnoticed by the authorities. The trees which are cut according to a plan can only be revived through reforestation. When the government imposes a strict ban on such illegal activities to cut trees, it automatically discourages people from cutting trees for their own benefits.
Supporting the Activists:
To conserve forests, the activists working for the protection of forests must be supported in the best possible manner. There are various organizations working at different levels to make sure the forests stay in their original condition. We must also help individually for the protection of trees to conserve forests. Trees are cut down and not marked down for replantation. This brings the situation of deforestation hence making it tough for the forest to sustain. People may work voluntarily for the plantation of trees along the streets in urban areas which makes a huge difference. Trees must be planted in the green belts to reduce the ground temperature in urban areas which is drastically increasing.
Using the Trails in Forests:
Forests are badly damaged due to the lack of proper attention from the tourists are the ones living in and around forests. People tend to make new ways for a passage that gradually decreases the plantation along the way and results in severe damage to the forests. To conserve forests, we need to follow the existing trails and follow them rather than making new ways which may result in the loss of newly planted trees. The soil of forests is fertile for agricultural use and it gets damaged when people use to make new trails. Forests must be preserved to make the environment clean and pollution free. People must be educated in the best possible manner to ensure the safety of forests. Tourists must learn to keep the forests clean and avoid the activities that may cause harm to the trees in order to conserve forests.
Check over forest clearance:
The agricultural land of these days was once a part of the forests. Forests are gradually cleared for agricultural and other uses. There must be a proper check and balance on the clearance of forests for different purposes in order to conserve forests. They must be cleared according to a plan otherwise it becomes very dangerous for the survival of forests. The loss of forest cover in and around the urban areas has been significant in the name of development that poses a serious threat to nature. The government must take an initiative to start the plantation in every nook of the city including the roadside areas to recover from the loss. The development must be planned in a way that doesn’t disturb the forests land in order to conserve forests. The day by day clearance of forests to make way for development has been the root cause of loss of forests around the world.
The removal of timber from a forest needs replantation to maintain balance in nature. The destruction of forests demands reforestation in a proper manner. The forests are either damaged by natural disasters or human negligence which needs a revival to sustain the land of the forests. The removal of trees demands their replacement by the same kind of trees planted in that particular region. The concerned department must look into this matter to conserve forests and save the world that is facing a serious condition of losing forests. Reforestation plays an important role in conserving forests.
The process of developing forests in the areas which were never forested before is known as afforestation. There is a special technique to plant trees in such areas to make a tree cover. The local geographical conditions must be studied before selecting the kind of trees for plantation during afforestation process. Only the trees suitable in that specific area can sustain and grow to form a land of forests. Moreover, a very special care must be taken of the newly planted trees during the early stages of their growth. This process of afforestation plays a vital role in adding more trees to the existing tree cover. It helps in making up for the trees that were cut down during the selective cutting of trees. To conserve forests, afforestation is essential to bring more possibilities in for plantation.