World Suicide Prevention Day is an annual cognizance day which is held on 10th September every year around the world to promote worldwide action to prevent suicide through many activities and events. These activities and events are also held for enhanced awareness about suicide that it is a preventable cause of premature death.
History of World Suicide Prevention Day
World Suicide Prevention Day was first celebrated in 2003, and every year held on 10th September as an IASP initiative. World Health Organization (WHO) co-sponsors this event. World Health Organization (WHO) co-sponsors the World Suicide Prevention Day event with the following aims:
- Raise awareness about suicide that it is preventable
- Spread information about suicide awareness.
- Reduce stigmatization regarding suicide
- Make better education about suicide.
An evaluated that one million people or about one person in 10,000 is died by suicide every year or around 3000 people every day. Suicide is a significant preventable cause of ultimate death which is affected by psychosocial, cultural and environmental risk elements that can be stopped through global responses that address these main endanger factors. Many people die from suicide as compared to murder and war. It becomes the 13th leading cause of death around the world. According to WHO, twenty people have attempt suicide at a rate of approximately one every three seconds. Suicide becomes the most common cause of death for people aged 15 – 24. Until 2020, the number of people who die by suicide will be expected to reach up to 1.5 million.
Past 10 years Themes of World Suicide Prevention Day
Every year World Suicide Prevention Day is celebrated with a specific theme to raise people’s awareness about suicide. The themes of World Suicide Prevention Day are as follows:
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2018: “Working Together to Prevent Suicide.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2017: “Take a Minute, Change a Life.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2016: “Connect, Communicate, Care.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2015: “Preventing Suicide: Reaching Out and Saving Lives.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2014: “Light a candle near a Window.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2013: “Stigma: A Major Barrier to Suicide Prevention.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2012: “Suicide Prevention across the Globe: Strengthening Protective Factors and Instilling Hope.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2011: “Preventing Suicide in Multicultural Societies.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2010: “Families, Community Systems and Suicide.”
- The theme of World Suicide Prevention Day of 2009: “Suicide Prevention in Different Cultures.”
How people celebrated this day?
On World Suicide Prevention Day many events and activities are held. In these activities and events include Conferences, public lectures, educational seminars, media programs which enhance awareness about suicide and do candlelight ceremonies to remember those who died from suicide. Besides these, on this day people also organizing cultural or spiritual events, fairs or exhibitions and training courses about suicide and depression awareness. Many organizations, government agencies, and individuals promote World Suicide Prevention Day by raises awareness about the suicide, suicide prevention and mental illnesses associated with suicide. Organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) play an essential role in promoting this day.
These events and activities are held in many countries around the world at local levels and national levels also. Everyone takes part in these events and activities for enhancing suicide awareness and spreading its prevention. Several communities and groups around the world reaffirm their responsibilities for suicide prevention on World Suicide Prevention Day.
Is it a Public Holiday?
World Suicide Prevention Day is an annual observance day and not a public holiday.