The World Prematurity Day is a day of Observance celebrated on 17 November annually around the world to raises awareness about the Preterm birth, the sorrow of preterm babies and their families. Every year about 15 Million babies are born preterm, more than one in 10 of all babies born worldwide. More than 1 millions babies die of these and others are facing lifelong health problems. Preterm birth is a serious problem that can happen to everyone around of us. We live in our culture or economic status regardless of the country.
History about World Prematurity Day
The first World Prematurity Day was celebrated on 17 November by the European parent organizations in 2008. It was celebrated for the first time. And after that, the World Prematurity Day was celebrated around the world in 2011. Since then many associations, groups, organizations, companies and other people on worldwide celebrated it. It is now celebrated throughout the world, including more than 60 countries and reaching about 1.5 billion people.
An estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and about 1 million of these have died, and others face serious life problems. The preterm birth had the most significant cause of death for children under the age of 5. Causing this about 1 million deaths in 2015 worldwide. Many babies of preterm birth who faced the lifetime of disabilities, it includes learning disability, visual, listening, speaking and many others. Preterm birth and living small for gestational age, low-birth-weight (LBW) is the reason for this, and it is the critical indirect causes of neonatal deaths. About 60% to 80% of all neonatal deaths are by LBW. The 15.5% global spreading is by LBW, in which approximately 20 million LBW infants born each year, and 96.5% of them are from developing countries.
How can we reduce the Preterm Birth and Death Rate
People of the world can reduce the neonatal death and newborn mortality rates by making better the care for the mothers during childbirth and pregnancy and of LBW infants. The experience has clearly shown that appropriate care of LBW infants from developed and middle-income countries, including feeding, maintenance of temperature, hygienic cord, health, and skin care, and early detection and treatment of infection and diseases can reduce mortality.
This issue is a massive challenge around the world. And each year many families around the world affected by prematurity. It flows on a high impact on every local community. We all have a responsibility to play a role by supporting these families and by improving healthcare products in hospitals. World Prematurity Day is an opportunity to raises awareness of the heavy burden of deaths and handicap and the pain and hardship that causes preterm birth, additionally a chance to talk about solutions to problems.
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