The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is an annual event held on 2 December by the United Nations General Assembly worldwide to raises awareness about the cruelty of modern slavery. It was first celebrated in 1986.
History of International Day for the Abolition of Slavery
The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery memorializes the approval of the UN Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others on 2 December 1949, by the resolution 317(IV). In 1985, the United Nations report the Working Group on Slavery recommended to proclaimed that World Day for the Abolition of Slavery on 2 December in its all forms. Since 1995 the day is known as the International Day for the Abolition of Slavery.
The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed that 2004 the International Year to Commemorate the efforts against Slavery and its Abolition by resolution 57/195 of 18 December 2002. On November 28, 2006, the assembly nominated the International Day for the Commemoration of the Abolition of the Transatlantic Slave Trade on March 25, 2007. Besides this, Another day of the United Nations is the International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition, and it is observed on 23 August. According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO), over 40 million people around the world are victims of modern slavery. Besides this, over 150 million children are subject to child labor, as for calculation almost one in ten children worldwide.
Facts and figures of modern slavery:
- An estimated more than 40 million people are in victims of modern slavery around the world in these include 24.9 in forced labor and 15.4 million in a forced marriage.
- 1 in 4 victims of modern slavery is children.
- For every 1,000 people in the world, there are 5.4 victims of modern slavery.
- Women and girls are illegally affected by forced labor, by calculating 99% of victims in the commercial sex industry, and 58% in other sectors.
- Out of the 24.9 million people trapped in forced labor, 4.8 million people in forced sexual exploitation, 16 million people are utilized in the private sector such as domestic work, construction or agriculture, and 4 million people in forced labor imposed by state authorities.
How people celebrate this day?
The International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is an opportunity for people to share their views through poetry, posters, articles, interviews, short stories, newspaper articles, and many others published materials. Broadcast media and online coverage promote this day through news, talk shows, and debates about the modern slave trade day and they focus on the serious human rights issues. Political leaders and Government officers also take part to urge people to work together to eradicate any form of slavery in modern society. Educational institutes also review the history of the slave trade, its disclosure and change it has gone through to modern times. Pamphlet, posters, booklet, newsletters about disbanding slavery and the slave trade are also divided throughout universities and in public areas on this day.
Is it a Public Holiday?
The United Nation’s International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is an annual observance but not a public holiday. Educational institutions and businesses are open as usual. Public life is not affected by this day.
On International Day for the Abolition of Slavery, the United Nations is committed to fighting against slavery, and they consider bonded labor, forced labor, the worst shape of child labor and disproportionately people as modern forms of slavery. These types of slavery are global problems still. The main theme of International Day for the Abolition of Slavery is to focus on eradicating contemporary forms of slavery like forced marriage, sexual exploitation, and many others.