The disruption of wildlife is mainly due to the water pollution that is the root cause of the distinction of species of animals on earth.
Over the years, human beings have evolved as a social animal causing vulnerable threats to the various species of animals on earth. The human activities along with the climatic changes have brought about a serious decline in the population of hundreds of animals around the world. The number has increased to an alarming situation for the world because the ecosystem is eventually getting destroyed. When the ecosystem fails to complete its cycle, drastic changes in the environment start to occur. Water pollution has been one of the main causes of distinction of species of animals around the globe. Water pollution is not a result of natural process or disasters; it is entirely caused by the human activities that are harmful to the atmosphere and the living beings. Not only the animals have been affected by water pollution but the humans themselves have suffered from a number of diseases. The lack of fresh and pure water is one of the consequences of human negligence. The water pollution starts from a small level of throwing the garbage and waste products in the atmosphere. The waste material piles up in the shape of non-decaying garbage and reaches the landfills where it pollutes the water from rainfall as well. A large part of the waste material pollutes the oceans and the seas. The marine life has received hazardous effects of water pollution in the shape of polluted food intake. When we talk about the extinction of several species of animals, the role of water pollution must also be brought into consideration to fight the root cause. It’s important to protect the extinct species of animals as well as the ones facing a threat to near extinction in the future. To meet the global crisis of the ecosystem, the preservation of wildlife has become even more important. There are a number of ways water pollution is killing animals. A few of them with a significant role are mentioned below:
Intake of plastic by marine creatures:
Although, a number of factors contribute to polluting the water; the one that poses a serious threat to marine life is the plastic thrown on the ground. The plastic from different parts accumulates in the landfill where it gathers to reach the seas and oceans. Around 10% of the million tons of plastic produced annually ends up in the seas and oceans. During the rainfall season, the water carries all the garbage and debris from the streets of the cities and accumulates to cause water pollution. Different types of multi-colored plastic packaging seem like food to the aquatic creature. The intake of plastic material by the marine creature brings harmful effects to the entire species. The toxic material when digested even results in the death of various animals and fishes. The others with the toxicant material in their body are consumed by human beings as food. All the toxic effects of plastic are transferred to human beings from where it all started. Therefore, the human negligence of throwing garbage ends up in the extinction of animals and completes its cycle by coming back to humans in the shape of food. The aquatic life is facing severe threats of extinction over the past few years as compared to hundreds of years before today. We need to contribute by adopting good habits and recycling the plastic material after use instead of throwing out in the trash. The use of plastic should also be reduced to protect the environment from its exposure. Water pollution is killing the animals at a rapid rate which is creating adverse effects.
The use of chemicals in the form of fertilizers and pesticides in the farms has destroyed the purity and polluted the water comprehensively. The chemicals get mixed with the water in crops and with the rainfall, flows to the nearby water streams and oceans. This polluted water kills a number of insects that are beneficial for the crops as well. The adverse effects of chemicals reach out to the plants of wetlands as well. These places are grazing fields for many species of animals. The intake of these plants with sprinkled chemicals causes various diseases in animals. A large number of animals around the globe die only because of the poisonous grazing fields accompanied by polluted water. The water pollution on the other end causes animals to suffer harmful effects. The marine life almost gets destroyed by the addition of chemicals to their environment. Water pollution is killing animals and we need to find the alternatives to protect our plants as well as the endangered species of animals for sustaining the ecosystem.
Effects of acid rain:
The mixing of toxic chemicals in the atmosphere results in the formation of acidic compounds. When it rains, these acidic compounds get mixed with the rainwater that falls on the earth. Acid rain is particularly very harmful to marine life because when these chemicals come in contact with the water in oceans and seas, it gets toxic. An excessive amount of aluminum is released in the water through these toxic compounds. The ‘pH level’ of water changes drastically affecting the normal behavior of living creatures. This change kills the aquatic animals contributes in unbalancing of the ecosystem. The polluted water due to chemicals involvement destroys the whole community of animals living in that particular area. Water pollution makes the living creatures fight for survival. The effects of water pollution are hazardous and we need to protect the water from getting polluted to save the wildlife and endangered species of animals. The balance in the ecosystem is necessary for the survival of all species of animals.
The waste material that contains bacteria, chemicals, various oils, metallic products and toxic amount of detergents is dumped into the oceans directly by the cruise ships near the shore. The animals, particularly marine life is facing a serious deal of damage due to the toxic material which is dumped into the clean water of oceans. The cruise ships and others working near the shore, dump all the waste material to get rid of it free of cost. This activity has caused a lot of trouble in the lives of marine creatures making them fight for survival in severe water polluted conditions. The water pollution is the worst form of environment that has caused the extinction of various species of animals over the past few years. Due to the excessive dumping of toxic material in the oceans, the aquatic life is forced to leave that particular area to find comparatively better water conditions to survive.
Facts about water pollution:
The total amount of water on earth is about 1.4 billion km which cover around 70% of the total area of the planet. Oceans carry the majority of water on earth that receives the most contamination by human beings. According to a survey, nearly 70% of the industrial waste is presently being dumped into the oceans that result in water pollution to a great extent. Around 15 billion pounds of plastic waste found its way into the oceans annually that results in killing millions of species of sea mammals and fishes. The most number of polluted rivers in the world are found in Asia which is an alarming situation for the Sub-continent. The human waste also contributes to the pollution of water considerably. Every day, around 2 million tons of waste is reported to be disposed of in the water around the world. Although the situation seems like a real tough one to tackle yet we can still find a way to reduce the effects of water pollution. The animals facing extinction badly need our support in reducing water pollution and making the environment clean for their survival. To save and sustain the balance of the ecosystem, we need to contribute individually to reduce the disposal of waste material including plastic products in the atmosphere. It is essential for the survival of animals we might not see in future with the current situation prevailing.